The Armata T-14 was first demonstrated during the Victory Day Parade in May 2015 in Moscow. The actual production of the tanks was delayed. The first nine T-14 Armatas were originally planned to be handed over to the Russian Ground Forces (RGF) in 2018. This date then got pushed to 2019 and then to 2021. The T-14 Armata can be accurately described as the first true “Russian” tank to land a contract for production, as it is the first tank design to do so that came after the fall of the Soviet Union. Design work for it began in 2010 at Uralvagonzavod, which also designed the T-55, T-62, T-72 and T-90 tanks. Russian tanks used to rely on high-tech foreign components in some subsystems. Now the entire information management suite hardware and software is also domestically produced.
The tank measures 10.8m-long, 3.5m-wide and 3.3m-high, and has a combat weight of 48t. The T-14 Armata is based on a modular combat platform, which can also serve as a basis for other armoured variants such as heavy infantry fighting vehicle (IFV) and armoured personnel carrier (APC).
The hull is divided into three compartments, a crew cab at forward, an unmanned remote controlled turret in the centre and a power-pack at the rear. The driver sits in the left, gunner in the middle and commander in the right inside a special armoured capsule. Entry and exit are provided through three hatches in front of the hull. The roof of the turret houses a meteorological mast, satellite communications, global navigation satellite system , data-link and radio communications antennae.
Talking about The T-14’s engine, the tank is powered by an A-85-3 turbocharged diesel engine, capable of 1,500 horsepower coupled to 12 speed automatic transmission. A-85-3 is turbo-piston diesel engine sometimes named 2A12. A-85-3A engine is used on an Armata universal platform. The development of the engine was engaged in Chelyabinsk Transdizel design bureau. It produced on Chelyabinsk tractor plant.